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Strategic Issue No. 1
Driving of Land Use Plan Present Situation

  Thailand’s agricultural land use data for 2010 from the Office of Agricultural Economics show that the whole area of 320.69 million rai can be classified as follows: agriculture, 152.33 million rai(47.50%);forest area, 107.24 million rai (33.44%); and other land uses, 61.12 million rai (19.06%).

The 152.33 million rai agricultural area consisted of paddy lands (71.88 million rai); cash crop areas (32.06 million rai); orchard and perennial trees (33.21 million rai); vegetables, flower orchards and pasture areas (2.49 million rai); other areas for agricultural purposes (5.53 million rai); uncultivated areas (2.88 million rai) and residential areas (4.28 million rai).

   The implementation of soil survey and classification and land use planning resulted that the Land Development Department has countrywide soils data and is now analyzing to set the land use plan for various levels, e.g. land use zoning in sub-district level, 4,544 sub-districts; land use planning for sub-watershed level, 135 sub-watersheds; and establishing economic crop cultivation zones to suit soil types, 15 economic crops. For legislative operation to follow Land Development Act 2008, the following actions have be executed: Land Development Committee, Sub-committees and Orders, guidelines, implementations or proviso according to particular soil sample analysis, individual photo grammetric mapping and mapping information service, individual land or soil improvement and soil and water conservation service.

   Therefore, it is urgently needed to finish establishing land use plan for the whole country in various levels, then promulgate and encourage relevant agencies to apply the accomplished land use plans for land development planning in each area, including analyzing with collateral data to set legislative measures, e.g. land use zoning and soil and water conservation areas, and so on. As Thailand is preparing to be part of the Asean Economic Community (AEC) from December 31, 2015, the LDD has to modernize its soil database to use in land use planning, especially for individual economic crop production plan within the framework specified by the Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives.


1. To establish land use plans for land development planning nationwide.

2. To encourage farmers to apply land use plans for planning land development in their own
             and to obtain agricultural produces appropriately.


1. Establishing land use plans to use in development planning in 119 sub-watersheds,
            2,711 sub-districts and 25 crops.

2. Encouraging farmers to produce not less than 30% of crops to suit soil conditions.

        3. Encouraging participation of farmers in land use planning.

4. Developing spatial data.

5. Developing procedures to push the land use plans to be practice.

Strategic Plan 2
Soil and Water Conservation Situation

According to land resources situation in Thailand, there are soil degradation problems both by natural cause and technically inappropriate land use.  These problems, e.g. soil erosion and unfavourable natural soil conditions together with human manipulation, cause inappropriate or less appropriate soil properties for crops cultivation. If such soils are used, they will give either no or very low outputs. Other than that, it also involves the soils that have limitations for utilization; when being used it will cause severe impacts on ecosystem such as acid sulfate soil problems, organic soil problems, saline soil problems, sandy soil problems, shallow soil problems, and problems for highland or upland areas that have limitations for land utilization. Besides, because of inappropriate land use, problems in acid soils and lateritic soils are found scattering in cash crops areas.

The operational outcome from 1963 to 2011 (48 years), which was the final phase of Land Development Department’s 10th Development Plan, the LDD has operated soil and water conservation to prevent soil erosion by constructing soil and water conservation systems, with mechanical measures such as paddy land remodeling, sediment traps and farm ponds, field terraces and hillside ditches and so on; with vegetative measures by promoting vetiver grass planting to solve soil erosion problems; and soil improvement to solve problems in acid sulfate soils, acid soils and saline soils.

The past operational outcome has shown that many soil resource problems still require solution by the LDD and the operation must be done continually. Also, due to the environmental changes of the world, problems related to the world’s resources become more severe, the LDD needs to adjust the procedures in implementing in soil and water conservation to cover the whole country by involving communities, farmers, people in the area and government and private organizations in every level and to make them realize the urgent need for soil and water conservation works.


1. To prevent soil erosion in agricultural areas.

2. To improve and rehabilitate soils in agricultural areas.

3. To encourage farmers and associated groups to participate in soil and water conservation.


1. Not less than 10 million rai of agricultural areas are to be protected from soil erosion.

2. Soils in not less than 8 million rai of agricultural areas are to be improved and rehabilitated.

3. Not less than 80% of farmers accept, are satisfied and participate in soil and water conservation.

4. To develop soil and water conservation and soil improvement processes.

Strategic Issue 3
Land Development Research and Technology Transfer Situation

Research is the process that leads to invention, leading the nation towards development and prosperity. Research is a development process or invention of new wisdom, and is the process in knowledge application for benefits in development, leading to sustainability.

Land Development Department had initiated research and technology in land development since 1963. Many research results and academic performances have been continually used for transferring technology to solve soil and land resource problems. At present, changes in science and technology and attention in preserving natural resources have been continually rapid, leading to more up-to-date research and academic performance to suit the situation of each problem, which increases with time. Land Development Department is an organization that develops land development technologies by applying geographic information system (GIS) to extend results in soils database, land use, land management and integrated implementation in soil and water conservation, by emphasizing on farmers participation, which will enable research results and other technical works to develop as appropriate technologies, to transfer for use in the farmers’ fields within a proper time.

In the past works, the Land Development Department had been doing research and development to solve problems and could answer the farmers’ and land users’ need to certain extent. However, for further LDD’s operation to solve land use problems caused by the mentioned changes, to drive the Department’s strategic issue and to agree with the government’s policy and agricultural development plan in production potential, appropriate agricultural products and food stability allocation, and effective, balanced and sustained agricultural resource development, it is quite necessary to establish research and technology transfer guidelines for effective and well synchronized land development at all levels, for effective results, which can be transferred to farmers effectively.


1. To encourage research and develop land development innovation to enhance agricultural
             productivity and to reduce production costs.

2. To encourage field utilization to rapidly and correctly transfer up-to-date land development
             technologies to farmers

3. To encourage technical operation system for integrated participatory research that links to
             visually effective works


1. To develop research, build and develop innovations, not less than 200 projects a year.

2. Not less than 50 percent of land development technologies can be applied by farmers.

3. To encourage participatory research and networking.

4. Recipients are satisfied and accept the research outcome and land development technologies.

Strategic Issue 4
Constructing and Developing Land Development network situations

Networks are highly essential and beneficial in developing and improving operational systems to achieve objectives and targets of operation. The immediate benefits of networks can be seen from what various groups have been doing; long-term benefits, however, will rest on research effectiveness and development of the transfer of working techniques, which developmental networks are useful in many ways, depending on the networks’ objectives, membership and activities of networks. Existence of the networks depends on many reasons, e.g. for information exchange, to be a support lefts, for benefits from having various experiences, to be funding channel. The networks are the stage for negotiation with other agencies or organizations.

Land Development Department encourages and supports establishment of networks with two main purposes: (1) to enhance people’s potential and to support building people’s power, and (2) to be the channel for giving services to citizens. With the government’s policy that encourages local citizens to participate in taking care of their own natural resources, the LDD established volunteer soil doctors in all villages nationwide since 1995 to be the department’s representatives to propel development, to strengthen farmers and agricultural institutions and continually provide training for and give knowledge to volunteer soil doctors. From the department’s policy in encouraging usage of organic substances instead of farm chemicals, reducing agricultural chemicals usage, I.E. organic agriculture, with the main purpose to adjust chemical dependent farm production system to depend less for chemical fertilizers and chemical agents following the Sufficient Economy concept. At present, the mentioned groups have been further developed for organic agriculture standard.

According to that situation, it appears that networks are extremely necessary and useful for propelling land development operation, therefore, those existing networks should be strengthened and more networks should be established, especially for the local administration, which further on will be an important party in propelling land development knowledge to use in the area.


1. To establish networks of volunteer soil doctors and related networks for exchange of knowledge,                  it's use and further development.

2. To encourage community participation, both urban and rural to be strong to support
             land development.Promote the potential of communities to participate in conservation
and rehabilitation,land use and assisting in environmental preservation by having volunteer soil
             doctors as devices for land development in the communities thoroughly. as devices for land
             development in the communities thoroughly.

3. To train department’s field lecturers and soil doctor experts to build networks for transferring
             land development technologies continually and sustainability

4. To encourage farmers to form groups. 


1. To build and further develop 81,543 land development parties to be strong and sustainable.

2. To encourage not less than 80% of land development networks to be capable.

3. Not less than 80% of land development networks are satisfied with the extension program.

        4. To develop knowledge transfer and dissemination processes.


Strategic Issue 5
Organization Development Situation

As the world has changed, prosperity has been developing continually from the past until present – the era of new technologies and communications that has modernized the world.Alteration in population structure caused by changes in age range and population growth, alteration in production structures adjusted from agricultural sector to industrial sector, alteration in consumption behavior and features of consumer groups, and natural and environmental resources problems, and the world is facing more complicated and concealed environmental threats, it is essential for both government and private organizations to be prepared for the future world’s changes and uncertainty of the environment, especially to predict what tends to happen in the future along with reducing the risk.These will lead to the ability to control the directions and to drive changes in the organization results in success and survival in the period of changes.

Land Development Department has improved and enhanced management in the period of changes following the government system development by continually applying modern techniques and implementations such as operation plan and budget administration, human resource administration and operation system administration, such as to reduce steps and duration of government operation hours, to evaluate operational outcome, to change proposal establishment, individual personal evaluation and so on, for people to obtain the highest benefit from effective land development operation.


To improve the operation system and enhance the land development organization’s administration,          be effective and compatible for the changes in government system and surrounding factors.


1. Managing operation plan and budget in an integrated way.

2. Developing support ability for machines and technologies.

3. Encouraging knowledge management process.

4. Constructing and developing the monitoring and evaluation system.

5. Attaining operational standard.

6. Developing human resource management.

7. Developing standard government administration system.

8. Developing Information Technology and database.

9. Developing organization administration system following the good governance principle.

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